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Learn what is HTML

HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is a programming language used to create websites and web applications. It is used to structure and format content on the web, and to create links between different pages on the internet. HTML consists of a series of elements, which are used to describe the content and layout of a webpage. These elements are represented by tags, which are enclosed in angle brackets and are placed around the content they describe. For example, the tag <p> is used to indicate the beginning of a paragraph, and the tag </p> is used to indicate the end of a paragraph.

Features of HTML

Some of the main features of HTML include:

  1. HTML allows you to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes, and other items.
  2. HTML provides a way to create interactive forms for collecting user input.
  3. HTML allows you to create links to other documents and to create anchors within a document.
  4. HTML provides a way to include images, audio, and video in your documents.
  5. HTML allows you to create tables for organizing and presenting data.
  6. HTML provides a way to apply styles to your documents, such as colors, fonts, and layout.
  7. HTML is a platform-independent language, which means that it can be accessed from any device with a web browser.
  8. HTML is a simple and easy-to-learn language, making it an ideal choice for learning web development.

History of HTML:

HTML was first developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a computer scientist at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research), in 1989. At the time, CERN was a hub of activity for scientists from around the world who were working on various research projects. Berners-Lee wanted to create a way for these scientists to share their research with each other and with the rest of the world, so he developed HTML as a means of creating and sharing documents electronically.

The first version of HTML was very basic, and it has evolved significantly over the years. In 1993, the first public version of HTML (HTML 2.0) was released. This version introduced many of the features that are now considered fundamental to the web, such as the ability to create links and anchors, and the ability to include images in documents.

Since then, HTML has undergone several major updates, each of which introduced new features and capabilities. Some of the most significant updates to HTML include:

  • HTML 3.2 (1997): This version introduced support for tables, as well as a number of other enhancements.
  • HTML 4.0 (1997): This version introduced support for style sheets, which allowed developers to apply consistent formatting to multiple web pages.
  • HTML 4.01 (1999): This version was a minor update that introduced a number of bug fixes and other improvements.
  • HTML5 (2014): This version introduced many new features, such as the ability to play audio and video files natively in the browser, and the ability to create interactive graphics using the canvas element.

HTML is currently in its fifth version, HTML5, which was released in 2014. HTML5 is the most widely-used version of HTML, and it is supported by all modern web browsers.

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