HTML works by using a series of tags to structure and format content on the web. These tags are written in the form of HTML elements, which consist of an opening tag, content, and a closing tag. For example, the following element creates a paragraph:
<p>This is a paragraph</p>
The opening tag, <p>, indicates the beginning of the paragraph, and the closing tag, </p>, indicates the end of the paragraph. The content of the paragraph, “This is a paragraph,” is placed between the opening and closing tags.
HTML elements can also have attributes, which provide additional information about the element. For example, the following element creates a link:
<a href="https://www.example.com">Click here</a>
In this example, the “a” element is the link, and the “href” attribute specifies the destination of the link. In this case, the link will take the user to the website “www.example.com” when clicked.
HTML documents are typically saved with the .html or .htm file extension and are viewed in a web browser. When a user opens an HTML file in a web browser, the browser reads the HTML code and renders the content of the page for the user to view and interact with.
An HTML (HyperText Markup Language) document is a file that contains HTML code and is used to create a website. HTML code consists of a series of elements that are used to structure and format the content on a web page. These elements are written using HTML tags, which are enclosed in angle brackets and tell the web browser how to display the content.
Here is a simple example of an HTML document:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>My Website</title> </head> <body> <h1>Welcome to my website!</h1> <p>This is a simple example of an HTML document.</p> </body> </html>
<!DOCTYPE html> declaration at the top of the document tells the web browser that this is an HTML document. The
<html> element encloses all of the content on the web page, and the
<body> elements contain different types of content. The
<title> element inside the
<head> element specifies the title of the web page, which is displayed in the browser’s title bar or tab. The
<h1> element indicates a level 1 heading, and the
<p> element indicates a paragraph.
HTML documents can also include other types of content, such as images, videos, and links to other web pages or resources.
How does the basic website work?
A basic website typically consists of multiple web pages that are linked together and can be accessed via a web browser, such as Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox. The content of a website is stored on a web server, which is a computer that stores and serves the website’s files to users who request them.
When a user wants to access a website, they enter the website’s URL (Uniform Resource Locator) into their web browser. The browser sends a request to the web server to retrieve the website’s files. The web server responds by sending the requested files back to the browser, which then renders the website on the user’s device.
Web pages on a website are typically written in HTML (HyperText Markup Language), which is a standard markup language for creating web pages. HTML documents consist of a series of elements that are used to structure and format the content on a web page. These elements are written using HTML tags, which are enclosed in angle brackets and tell the web browser how to display the content.